Curriculum Basic 2:
B184.108.40.206.1.Use common rhyming/endings to decode simple words
- Introduce learners to simple word formation by changing the beginning letter of words.
e.g. pan, man, fan (You may use a phonic slide to give practice).
- Have learners build on these rhyming endings.
- In groups, let learners read out their words.
- Have learners form sentences with these rhyming words.
‘Phonics’ refers to learning to read using the sound of letters (instead of the name). With phonics, children learn to encode and decode words by saying the letter sounds and then blending them together to pronounce words.
Rhyming is a very good activity to help children develop phonics skills. Here is a tool that can be used with individual children or in the classroom:
1. Compile lists of 3-letter words that rhyme, for example: cat-mat-rat, hen-pen-men, fan-man-ran-can-dan-ban, dot-cot-rot, pig-big-dig. Try as much as possible to include words that your learners are familiar with and can form a ‘mental picture’ of.
2. Cut a set of flashcards. Click here for guidelines on how to make flashcards.
The card size should be at a ratio of 1:3, meaning the length should be three times the height:
Make sure your cards are big enough for learners in the back of your classroom to see.
3. Cut a set of square cards of 1/3 the size of the first set of cards:
4. For each of your rhyming-word lists: write the last two letters on a bigger card (on the right 2/3rds of the card) and the first letters on small cards:
6. Do this for all the series of rhyming words that you wrote down.
1. Place a small card over the blank space on the big card. Let learners say the letter sounds and blend the word:
2. Place another letter on the blank space and do the same activity:
3. You can place the first letter again if your learners need repetition, or continue with all the letters from your word-list. Discuss that the last two letters do not change.
* You can do the same with 2-letter words, like ba-da-ka-ma. Only keep in mind that some sounds may change (go-do) due to the non-phonetic aspect of the English language.
* You can also make cards with the first two letters of words, for example cat-car-can or big-bit-bin. This is not rhyming but also helps learners to develop phonics skills.
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